What is Autism?

If you’ve recently learned that your child has or might have autism spectrum disorder, you may have many questions like what is autism? What are the core challenges for Autistic child? What causes autism? Can a child outgrow autism, or is it for life? Are there different kinds of symptoms to diagnose early autism? And with so much information overload, it can become extremely exhausting and overwhelming to get the answers you need. We get your struggles! That’s why we have generated this article that can help you decipher all your queries.

Understanding Autism

Autism is not a single disorder, but a spectrum of closely related disorders with a shared core of symptoms. It is a condition related to brain development that impacts how your kid communicates and socializes with others. It causes them to establish repetitive behavioral patterns and often impairs their social interactions and empathy with other people. But the level of disability and the combination of symptoms differ from person to person.

Core Challenges for an Autistic Child

Remember! Two kids with the same autism diagnosis may look very different when it comes to their behaviors and abilities. Some autistic children might seem to show symptoms from birth, while others may develop more obvious signs as they become older. However, every child on the autism spectrum has challenges, at least to some degree, in the following three areas:

  • Verbal and non-verbal communication.
  • Restricted and repetitive behaviors.
  • Overwhelming feelings in social situations.

Symptoms of Autism

Autism symptoms usually become evident during early childhood, between 12 and 18 months of age. However, symptoms may also appear earlier or later. Many autistic children have sensory issues like over- or under-sensitivities to sound, feel, pain, touch, light, taste, smell, and other stimuli. Autism is also associated with high rates of certain physical and mental health conditions. Below are some common symptoms of children who have autism spectrum disorder:

Trouble in Socializing

Autistic kids may have trouble making friends or interacting with people around them. They often will not initiate play or conversations with others. They may be resistant or uncomfortable displaying or receiving affection.

Patterns of Behavior

A child or adult with autism spectrum disorder may have limited, repetitive patterns of behavior, interests or activities. They can include:

  • Repetitive body movements.
  • Repetitive motions with objects.
  • Fixates on an object or activity with abnormal intensity or focus.

Speech and Language Difficulties

When it comes to speech and language, children with autism spectrum disorder often struggle to understand and communicate. They may have speech delays as an early indicator of autism.

Causes of Autism

The most current research demonstrates that Autism has no single known cause. Both genetics and the environment may play a role. Given the complexity of the disorder and the fact that symptoms and severity vary, there are probably many causes. That’s why significant numbers of studies are underway to learn how it develops.

Final Thoughts

Trust your abilities, people! In the end, you don’t need a diagnosis to start getting help for your child’s symptoms because no diagnostic label can tell you about your child’s challenges. So, make sure that you focus on your child’s unique needs and find a treatment that suits you in the best possible ways.

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